Completed reports are linked below.

PARAS 0001 - Criminal History Records Checks (CHRCs) and Vetting Aviation Workers Guidebook (This document is password protected. Please contact or to request a copy.)

This Guidebook provides a step-by-step guide and reference material for individuals that conduct and adjudicate criminal history records checks required under 49 CFR §§ 1542.209 and 1544.229. Since the implementation of the CHRC requirement in 1997, there have been few changes or updates to either the regulation or guidance documents. Many in the aviation industry believe that: the current CHRC process is not keeping up with the present-day threat environment; additional issues need to be included in the processes to address potential vulnerabilities; and individuals conducting and adjudicating CHRCs are not properly trained. These issues and others are addressed in the guidebook.  

PARAS 0002 - Companion Design Guide to US Customs and Border Protection's Airport Technical Design Standards

The CBP Airport Technical Design Standard (ATDS) is currently being revised to keep pace with new processes and technologies. Many existing facilities where CBP operates may not be easily adapted to changing market and processing demands. This Guidebook was developed to provide airports, airlines, architects, and planners with guidance to build more flexible facilities and future-proof assets that may need to last many decades.

An accompanying website for this report is available here.

PARAS 0003 - Enhancing Communication & Collaboration Among Airport Stakeholders

This Guidebook provides practical, hands-on, interactive material useful to Airport Operators for enhancing communication and collaboration (C2) among internal and external airport stakeholders. It is designed to fit the needs of a broad spectrum of airports, and is scalable to airports of various sizes and types. This Guidebook provides a tool to assess an airport’s current conditions relative to C2. It presents a practical step-by-step approach called the C2 Program Life Cycle for enhancing C2 among airport stakeholders.

Additional Files: Assessment Tool, Information Sharing Matrix

PARAS 0004 - Recommended Security Guidelines for Airport Planning, Design, and Construction

This document represents the fifth iteration of guidance for the airport security planning and design community, first issued by the FAA in 1996 and 2001, continued by the TSA in 2006 and 2011, and now provided by National Safe Skies Alliance in 2017. All have had extensive participation in and contributions of content by federal agencies, industry trade associations, and individual architects, engineers, security consultants, and other subject matter experts. The Guidelines are not government regulations and requirements; they are a compendium of real-world experience and best practices developed by outstanding professionals in the field.

Additional Useful Documents: TSA Checkpoint Design Guide, TSA Innovation Supplement, TSA Baseline Video Surveillance Functional Requirements, TSA Electrical and Data Future Planning, TSA Structured Cabling Guidelines

PARAS 0005 - Airport Perimeter Breach Classification and Post-Incident Best Practices

This document was developed for all FAR Part 139 airport operators to assist in their efforts to address perimeter security breaches. Specifically, the project developed a consequence-based classification model for perimeter security breaches that can differentiate the severity and risk of these breaches and enable airports to accurately convey internally, to the public, and to the news media the severity and types of breaches that occur at their facilities. This guidance document also provides best practices for post-breach activities.

PARAS 0006 - Employee Inspections (Synthesis Report)

Airports have approached the subject of inspections and insider threat in different ways in order to be as effective and efficient as possible with very limited resources. At the time of this report, airports have developed best practices in order to accomplish the goals of the TSA-released Security Directives and Information Circulars that were based in part on the 28 recommendations by the Aviation Security Advisory Committee working group. Section 1 of this report focuses on the synthesis team’s interaction with the airports and airlines via surveys, emails, and follow-on interviews. Section 2 provides the best practices that were either volunteered by airports and airlines or were derived from the team’s follow-on interaction.

PARAS 0007 - Quick Guide for Airport Cybersecurity

This Quick Guide is intended to help airport executives and managers understand that they are accountable for cybersecurity issues and must measure and improve their cybersecurity programs and capabilities. It provides meaningful and actionable information for airport managers to evaluate and improve their own cybersecurity efforts. The assessment tool that accompanies this document measures the airport’s cybersecurity risks and program maturity, and should be universally usable by large and small airports without additional software or hardware.

Additional Files: Assessment Tool, Customizable Project Briefing

PARAS 0008 - Findings and Practices in Sharing Sensitive Information (Synthesis Report)

All airports generate important information that could be considered privileged but is not covered by federal designations such as Top Secret, Classified, and SSI. Airports must occasionally grant access to this non-regulated, privileged information to non-credentialed persons who have a need-to-know for work on airport projects, as part of the procurement process or for public information purposes. This synthesis report provides the findings and practices on effective ways that airports administer access, as well as control and recover information after it is no longer needed.

PARAS 0009 - Guidance for Security Management Systems (SeMS)

This guidance was developed for those individuals, teams, or task forces who are responsible for establishing and maintaining an SeMS at their airport. It was written with a human-centered design approach; future users were consulted early in its development, influencing both content and format. Its purpose is to help you: 1) understand SeMS; 2) inform you of the benefits of SeMS; 3) help you determine whether your airport is ready to establish an SeMS and determine next steps on your SeMS readiness level; 4) guide you on establishing an SeMS; 5) inform you of the governance required to establish and maintain the SeMS; and 6) guide you on how to undertake quality assurance of the SeMS. The accompanying tool, linked below, should be used in conjunction with the guidance to measure your SeMS maturity.

SeMS Maturity Assessment Tool (SMAT) 

PARAS 0010 - Guidance for Protecting Access to Vital Systems Impacting Airport Security

Airports host systems—such as access control, video surveillance, and telecommunications—that are vital to airport security and critical to daily operations. Ironically, while these systems provide security to the entire airport environment, measures to protect them are often overlooked, which could result in critical failure. This guidebook attempts to address the issues affecting vital security systems and empower airport operators with information, guidelines, standards, toolkits, and templates to overcome this threat.

PARAS 0011 - Guidance for Airport Security Master Planning

This guidebook is intended to be used by airport management and staff, as well as security consulting organizations as a holistic approach to developing and implementing a Security Master Plan (SMP). An SMP enables an airport to systematically support the forecasting and planning of future security needs and the associated capital expenditures.

PARAS 0013 - Minimizing Congestion in Public Areas to Mitigate Security Vulnerabilities

The objective of this Guidebook is to assist airports of various types and sizes to minimize traveler-related congestion that could be a viable target for acts of violence. The primary focus is crowd management during regular operations, though there is also guidance to minimize secondary targets created during incident response.

PARAS 0014 - Blast Mitigation Strategies for Non-Secure Areas at Airports

This guidebook facilitates the implementation of effective blast-mitigation strategies in non-secure airport areas to reduce risks and effects of explosive attacks. Each airport faces unique constraints, such as different vulnerabilities and risks, and varying sizes and financial capabilities. Therefore, this guidebook is not prescriptive but instead provides a process by which airports can implement the most appropriate strategies.

Additional Files: Framework Tool, Framework Tool Instructions

PARAS 0015 - Guidance for Airport Perimeter Security

The purpose of this document is to guide aviation professionals responsible for perimeter security at airports. While the primary focus of this guidance is on technical aspects of perimeter security and systems, such as perimeter intrusion detection systems (PIDS), the document also addresses important physical security methods as well as procedural and operational security measures to facilitate effective perimeter security.